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What You Need to Know About Diabetes Drug Treatments 
 
by Robbi Erickson October 27, 2005

Diabetes impacts every demographic, children, adults, the elderly, men, and women. It is important to know what treatments are available and what can reduce the chance of contracting it.

Introduction

Diabetes is a growing health epidemic in the United States. It impacts every demographic in the U.S. including children, adults, the elderly, men, and women. With such a widespread spectrum of people that is susceptible to this disease, it is important to know what treatment options are available This article covers the various drug treatments  currently used to help manage the symptoms of diabetes and that help reduce the chances that a serious medical condition may develop as a result of the stress that diabetes places on the human body.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that impairs the body's ability to produce insulin. This is hazardous to your health because insulin is a needed for cellular metabolism. Without the proper insulin levels in the blood the body simply cannot function properly, and as a result organs and body systems are impaired and damaged. If your diabetes is not treated you will grow weaker, develop organ failure, and eventually die. To help combat the negative effects of diabetes it is important for you to understand what diabetes is and how drug treatments are used to stabilize your blood glucose levels and maintain your health.

Diabetes is categorized as either type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes do not have the physical ability to produce their own insulin, and as a result they are required to supplement this deficit with synthetic insulin that is delivered by regular injections, or by an insulin pump. People with type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, can produce insulin, however, not in sufficient enough amounts to meet their body's insulin needs. Instead of using insulin injections as their main defense against their symptoms, type 2 diabetics can control their blood glucose levels through various strategies including: exercise, diet, oral medication, and even with insulin injections.

In addition to controlling their blood glucose levels, diabetics also need to control other chemical and hormone levels in their body in order to manage their overall health. Controlling a diabetic's health is difficult because the diabetes impacts all of their major organ systems and impairs their immune system. As a result they are prone to secondary diseases and infections that are caused by medical complications created by diabetes. For example, in conjunction with medication taken to control blood glucose levels, diabetics often also have to take medication to control their blood pressure and their cholesterol levels.

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